UNICEF Indonesia’s ToC format

by Nov 10, 20170 comments

Earlier this year I had the chance to support UNICEF Indonesia Country Office, to develop the 25 separate Output and Outcome-based Theories of Change (ToC) of most of the outputs to strengthen the logic and rigour behind their new Country Programme 2016-2020. It was an amazing 4-months process, coordinated by Peter Leth (Chief of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation), and it led to produce a Catalogue of ToCs and a document of Lessons Learned.

Although those are internal UNICEF documents, Peter agreed on me sharing the format we defined to use an homogenous approach. For each of the Outputs/Outcomes (Programmes), we elaborated a 2-pages ToC. In the first page the programme is described in a narrative (first colonne), in the second colonne, assumptions, literature references and acronyms are spelt out and in the colonne on the right we included the legend of the icons used in page 2. Here is an example (with dummy text):

On the second page we rebuilt the logic of each programme in the form of a diagram. Colors represent the type of determinants (Enabling Environment, Demand, Supply and Quality) and the lines (causality links) move organically to represent the relationships or steps of the change in a more realistic manner.

This is the detail of all the information the format included for each Output or Outcome:

We were particularly satisfied with the fact that the format includes intermediate steps between the logic model elements (Strategies, Outputs and Outcomes), unpacking how change happens – including Intermediate Results, conditions and mechanisms – still figuring out if that variety is OK… However, these allow to breakdown and bring some light about how results are supposed or expected to unfold.

Also worked well for us to include an accountability area (light blue background), to represent what is within the programme’s accountability and what falls beyond it, and delimiting the pilots with a dark blue outline, to specify that the elements inside them are small-scale and not at national scope.

Below a picture of how we presented the different ToCs on the walls, for other programmes to read them and validate them. Cheers!

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